Have you ever wondered what certain parts of the letter are called? Before you start learning letterforms, it’s a good idea to familiarize yourself with some key terms of typography. Mike created this image as a way to introduce people to the wonderful world of type!
Arm: A horizontal or slanted stroke that does not connect to a stroke or stem on one or both ends.
Ascender: An upward vertical stroke found on the part of lowercase letters that extends above the typeface’s x-height.
Aperture: The partially enclosed, somewhat rounded negative space in some characters. Most commonly. found in the lowercase “a”.
Baseline: An invisible line where all letters rest upon.
Beak: A sharp spur, found at the top of letters.
Bowl: The fully closed, rounded part of a letter.
Bracket: A curved or wedge-like connection between the stem and serif of some letters.
Cap Height: A line marking the height of the uppercase letters.
Counter: The open space in a fully closed area.
Crotch: An acute, inside angle where two strokes meet.
Descender: The part of the letter that extends below the baseline.
Ear: A small stroke extending from the upper-right side of the bowl.
Serif: A marking added as a stop to the beginning and end of the main strokes of a character.
Shoulder: The curved stroke aiming downward from a stem.
Stem: A vertical, full-length stroke in upright characters. Tail- A descending stroke, often decorative.
Terminal: The end of a stroke that does not include a serif.
Tittle: A small marking, also known as a dot.
X-Height: The height lowercase letters reach.
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